International Data

International Data

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International Data – Overview

This section contains a variety of sources of international data. This includes links to various cross-country datasets as well as to country-specific websites.

Macroeconomic data

The National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) assembled an extensive data during the first several decades of its existence, that covers all aspects of the pre-WWI and interwar economies, including production, construction, employment, money, prices, asset market transactions, foreign trade, and government activity. Many series are highly disaggregated, and many exist at the monthly or quarterly frequency. The data set has some coverage of the United Kingdom, France and Germany, although it predominantly covers the United States. Annual international cross-country data on a range of macroeconomic variables since 1870 covering 17 advanced economies has been complied by the Macrohistory project run by Òscar Jordà, Moritz Schularick and Alan Taylor. The UK data for this dataset has been drawn from many of the sources in this repository. Monthly international data for many countries in the interwar period can be found in the International Abstract of Economic Statistics published for 1919-1930 and 1931-1936 which was co-ordinated by the International Statistical Institute at the Hague. We are grateful to Stephen Penneck and the International Statistical Institute for the their permission to reproduce these. Subsequently the Statistical Yearbooks of the League of Nations and United Nations covered international data for the interwar and postwar periods and can be found here Historical statistics from 1970 from the OECD can be found at the link below

Productivity and comparative economic growth data

The Maddison Project Database provides information on comparative economic growth and income levels over the very long run covering 169 countries and the latest work by economic historians. Links to Angus Maddison's original work can also be found here The Measuring Worth website curated by Professor Sam Williamson provides historical data on important economic aggregates and measures of comparative value, with particular emphasis on nominal (current-price) measures, as well as real (constant-price) measures. The data cover Spain, United States, the United Kingdom and Australia and stretch back to medieval times. For historical cross-country productivity data on a comparable basis after World War 2 (including data GDP and factor inputs) users should consult the Conference Board Total Economy Database and the EUKLEMS database:

World Trade data

World trade data for 1800-1938 has recently been compiled by Giovanni Federico and Antonio Tena-Junguito and is available at Historical world trade data compiled by the United Nations for 1900-1965 can be found here The data tables can be easily copied and pasted into a spreadsheet from the pdf. Both datasets can be combined with modern data on world trade from the IMF and WTO.

Fiscal data

The European State Finance Database represents the outcome of an international collaborative research project for the collection, archiving and dissemination of data on European fiscal history across the medieval, early modern and modern periods. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) provide a cross country database on public spending, taxes and deficits for 55 countries stretching back to 1800 which can be found at the link below

Global Prices, wages and incomes

The Global Price and Income History Group (GPIH) at UC Davis maintain a database of cross-country price and income data other data from medieval times up to 1950 The Measuring Worth website curated by Professor Sam Williamson provides historical data on important economic aggregates and measures of comparative value, with particular emphasis on nominal (current-price) measures, as well as real (constant-price) measures. The data cover Spain, United States, the United Kingdom and Australia and stretch back to medieval times. The Allen - Unger Global Commodity Prices Database put together by Professor's Bob Allen and Richard Unger covers various countries and stretching back to the medieval period can be found at the link below

Financial Statistics

The Center for Financial Stability maintains a set of data on exchange rates, central bank and commercial bank balance sheets, interest rates, money supply, inflation, international trade, government finance and national accounts. The focus is on data from roughly 1500 to 1950. The site is edited by Dr Kurt Schuler EH.net hosts the The Global Finance database compiled by Olivier Accominotti, Marc Flandreau, and Riad Rezzik. The database is an extension of the one published in Marc Flandreau and Frédéric Zumer’s The Making of Global Finance to which 15 colonies of the British Empire and one sovereign nation (the US) have been added

Real and Nominal Exchange rates

The Medieval and Early Modern Data Bank (MEMDB) project hosted at Rutgers University provides a set of data on nominal exchanges rates and prices for the medieval period For a range of short-term interest rates and exchange rates at a weekly frequency during the late C19th, covering the key Gold Standard countries, users should consult the Neal-Weidenmier Gold Standard Database. Spreadsheet links are below: For international data on trade-weighted effective exchange rates for the Classical Gold Standard Period users should consult the dataset of Catão and Solomou based on their 2005 AER paper The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) provide a set of real and nominal effective exchange rate for various countries from 1964 onwards

Sovereign Debt and Financial Crises

The dataset from the study This Time it's Different by Professors Carmen Reinhart and Kenneth Rogoff includes the first long-dated cross-country historical data on domestic debt. It also provides data for banking crises, sovereign defaults to foreign creditors, sovereign defaults on domestic debt, inflation crises and exchange rate crises. Additional related data can be found at Professor Reinhart's website. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) provide historical sovereign debt and global debt databases which can be found at the links below: The Bank of Canada and Bank of England jointly produce a historical database on sovereign debt in default going back to 1960:
This section contains links to various country-specific or area-specific datasets produced by academics, central banks and statistical offices

Africa

Asia and Oceania

Europe

North America

South and Central America

The Montevideo-Oxford Latin American Economic History Data Base (MOxLAD) provides over 40 economic and social indicators for 20 Latin American countries. MOxLAD covers data from 1870 to 2010.
The United Nations Statistics Division provide a list of international statistical principles and an inventory of standards covering a wide range of statistics here: Useful information on the data sources and methodology behind several of the cross-country sources can be found here
In due course the following titles will be available to select in the dropdown menus of this section.

  • Annual Statement of Trade of the United Kingdom
  • International Abstract of Economic Statistics
  • League of Nations Statistical Yearbooks digitised by the North Western University Library

Please select a publication title and year from the boxes below to narrow down the list. Alternatively type in a general search term. The available excel and pdf files are shown in the table. If the publication you are looking for is not in this section please see the complete list of downloadable publications

Article Name Excel File PDF File
Annual Statement of Trade of the United Kingdom 1865 No Excel File
Annual Statement of Trade of the United Kingdom 1871 No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1872-1876 No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1882-1886 No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1886-1890 No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1903-1907 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1920-1924 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1924-1928 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of Trade of the United Kingdom 1932 No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1928-1932 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1942-1946 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement Of The Trade Of The United Kingdom For The Year 1954 - Volume 1 No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1951-1954 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1955-1958 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1959-1962 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1963 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1964 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement Of The Trade Of The United Kingdom For The Year 1965 - Volume 1 No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1965 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1966 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1967 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1968 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1970 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1971 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1972 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1973 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1974 - Volume I No Excel File
Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom 1975 - Volume I No Excel File