International Data – Overview
This section contains a variety of sources of international data. This includes links to various cross-country datasets as well as to country-specific websites.
Macroeconomic dataThe National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) assembled an extensive data during the first several decades of its existence, that covers all aspects of the pre-WWI and interwar economies, including production, construction, employment, money, prices, asset market transactions, foreign trade, and government activity. Many series are highly disaggregated, and many exist at the monthly or quarterly frequency. The data set has some coverage of the United Kingdom, France and Germany, although it predominantly covers the United States. International Statistical Institute at the Hague. We are grateful to Stephen Penneck and the International Statistical Institute for the their permission to reproduce these.
- International Abstract of Economic Statistics 1919-30
- International Abstract of Economic Statistics 1931-1936
Productivity and comparative economic growth dataThe Maddison Project Database provides information on comparative economic growth and income levels over the very long run covering 169 countries and the latest work by economic historians. Links to Angus Maddison's original work can also be found here
World Trade dataWorld trade data for 1800-1938 has recently been compiled by Giovanni Federico and Antonio Tena-Junguito and is available at
Fiscal dataThe European State Finance Database represents the outcome of an international collaborative research project for the collection, archiving and dissemination of data on European fiscal history across the medieval, early modern and modern periods.
Global Prices, wages and incomesThe Global Price and Income History Group (GPIH) at UC Davis maintain a database of cross-country price and income data other data from medieval times up to 1950
Financial StatisticsThe Center for Financial Stability maintains a set of data on exchange rates, central bank and commercial bank balance sheets, interest rates, money supply, inflation, international trade, government finance and national accounts. The focus is on data from roughly 1500 to 1950. The site is edited by Dr Kurt Schuler
Real and Nominal Exchange ratesThe Medieval and Early Modern Data Bank (MEMDB) project hosted at Rutgers University provides a set of data on nominal exchanges rates and prices for the medieval period Neal-Weidenmier Gold Standard Database. Spreadsheet links are below:
Sovereign Debt and Financial CrisesThe dataset from the study This Time it's Different by Professors Carmen Reinhart and Kenneth Rogoff includes the first long-dated cross-country historical data on domestic debt. It also provides data for banking crises, sovereign defaults to foreign creditors, sovereign defaults on domestic debt, inflation crises and exchange rate crises. Additional related data can be found at Professor Reinhart's website.
This section contains links to various country-specific or area-specific datasets produced by academics, central banks and statistical offices
Asia and Oceania
- Australian Historical Statistics
India and South Asia
- Digital South Asia Library
Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands
- Low Countries Data Collection 1350-present
- Duanaire project: Public revenues and expenditures of Ireland in the 18th century
- Irish Macro Data from 1920 complied by Dr Rebecca Stuart
- Portuguese Historical Statistics
- Historical Statistics of the Soviet Union
- Electronic Repository of Russian Historical Statistics
South Eastern Europe
- South East European Monetary History Network Data
- Swiss Federal Statistics Office Historical Statistics
- Swiss Society for Economic and Social History Historical Statistics
- Historical Statistics of the United States Bicentennial Edition, Colonial Times to 1970
- Historical Statistics of the United States Millennial Edition
- Users should also consult the academic databases available on the Federal Reserve's Economic Database FRED and the associated archival site FRASER
South and Central AmericaThe Montevideo-Oxford Latin American Economic History Data Base (MOxLAD) provides over 40 economic and social indicators for 20 Latin American countries. MOxLAD covers data from 1870 to 2010.
The United Nations Statistics Division provide a list of international statistical principles and an inventory of standards covering a wide range of statistics here:
In due course the following titles will be available to select in the dropdown menus of this section.
- Annual Statement of Trade of the United Kingdom
- International Abstract of Economic Statistics
- League of Nations Statistical Yearbooks digitised by the North Western University Library
Please select a publication title and year from the boxes below to narrow down the list. Alternatively type in a general search term. The available excel and pdf files are shown in the table. If the publication you are looking for is not in this section please see the complete list of downloadable publications.