National Accounts

National Accounts

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This section contains historical national accounts data stretching back to 1086.  The main sources for the historical data are the Broadberry, Campbell, Klein, Overton and van Leeuwen (2015), study of British Economic Growth, 1270-1870 and the Studies in National Income and Expenditure of the United Kingdom series by the Department of Applied Economics in Cambridge, particularly the contributions of Feinstein (1972) and Sefton and Weale (1995) who produce complete set of accounts for the period 1855-1965 and 1920-1990 respectively.  This is supplemented by official national accounts data from 1948 from ONS under various systems of accounts.   Section III of the Bank of England’s Millennium Dataset produces continuous historical time series from these different sources using particular assumptions.  This is backed up by various digitised documentation on sources and methods and the complete set of Blue Books going back to 1941.

Historical National Accounts 1086 to the present
The first four datasets here represent estimates of British and UK National accounts data back to 1270 with the kind permission of the authors, the Faculty of Economics at the University of Cambridge and Cambridge University Press:

The Bank of England's Millennium of Data Spreadsheet combines these and other estimates to create continuous national accounts series up to the present.  Please note that some of Professor Feinstein's (1972) estimates for the income side of the accounts were updated by him in later work as discussed in ESCoE Technical Report 04. The Millennium dataset also includes a benchmark estimate for 1086 derived from the Domesday Book based on the work of Professor James Walker at the Henley Business School, University of Reading:

The Bank of England's vintage database
The main body of the database contains monthly vintages of National Accounts data published since January 1990. Each vintage shows the data available on the last working day of the month. For a subset of the real expenditure variables, a longer history of quarterly vintages is also available.  The database is available in Microsoft Excel format. It is updated every year following the publication of the ONS Blue Book. It was last updated in November 2016.
The 'read me' workbook details the available dataset. The data themselves can be found in the other workbooks. They all contain a 'menu' worksheet that lists the data available therein. Other worksheets contain successive vintages of data for individual series. Each vintage is a separate column, with the oldest vintage of data on the far left and the most recent vintage on the far right. At the top of each column is the publication date (i.e. the month in which that vintage was published).

All files are pdf, unless otherwise stated. File sizes greater than 25MB are indicated.

Sources and methods for Feinstein's (1972) National Income, Output and Expenditure of the UK 1855-1965

The following chapters from Feinstein's work on National Income over the period 1855-1965 discuss the sources and methods used in the construction of the estimates in the spreadsheet in the datasets section. Permission to reproduce these has kindly been granted by the Faculty of Economics at the University of Cambridge and Professor Feinstein's family.


Some of Professor Feinstein's (1972) estimates for various components of the National Accounts were updated by him in later work. These are discussed in ESCoE Technical Report 04 by Solomos Solomou and Ryland Thomas.

Official sources and methods guides to the National Accounts.

The complete set of volumes covering the sources and methods used in constructing the UK National Accounts since WW2 are available below:

Important changes to the National Accounts since 2011 are documented in a series of methodology articles available on the National Archives. Many of these cover the transition from ESA95 to ESA10.
The following titles are available to select in the dropdown menus of this section.

  • Annual National Income and Expenditure estimates for the UK ("Blue Books") from 1941
  • Quarterly UK Economic Accounts (UKEA) from 1992
Please select a publication title and year from the boxes below to narrow down the list. The available excel and pdf files are shown in the table. If the publication you are looking for is not in this section please see the complete list of downloadable publications

Excel files for certain Blue Books have kindly been provided by ONS from archived data in legacy systems. They have been provided on a best endeavours basis to enable users to obtain a series from a particular Blue Book vintage and are organised by series code (CDIDs). These have undergone simple checks against the published Blue Books but they need to be used with care. They contain backdata for many series which did not appear in the published Blue Book which typically would only involve a backrun of around 10 years for most series. Backdata in the files before this point may not have been subject to appropriate checks for methodological or classification discontinuities and accounting constraints. So users should be alert to potential series breaks. Where there is a discrepancy between a series in the excel file and the published Blue Book pdf file, the data in the published Blue Book should be taken to be the correct value. See Martin (2007) for a discussion of identified issues with historic Blue Book datasets after the introduction of ESA95 in 1998 and documentation of series which may contain errors.
Article NameExcel FilePDF File
UK National Accounts 1941 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1942 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1943 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1944 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1945 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1946 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1947 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1948 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1949 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1950 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1951 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1952 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1953 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1954 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1955 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1956 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1957 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1958 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1959 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1960 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1961 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1962 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1963 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1964 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1965 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1966 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1967 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1968 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1969 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1970 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1971 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1972 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1973 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1974 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1975 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1976 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1977 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1978 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1979 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1980 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1981 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1982 No Excel File
UK National Accounts 1983 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1984 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1985 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1986 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1987 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1988 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1989 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1990 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1991 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1992 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 1, Q4 1992 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1993 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 2, Q1 1993 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 3, Q2 1993 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 4, Q3 1993 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 5, Q4 1993 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1994 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 6, Q1 1994 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 7, Q2 1994 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 8, Q3 1994 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 9, Q4 1994 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1995 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 10, Q1 1995 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 11, Q2 1995 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 12, Q3 1995 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 13, Q4 1995 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1996 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 14, Q1 1996 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 15, Q2 1996 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 16, Q3 1996 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 17, Q4 1996 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1997 No PDF File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1997 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 18, Q1 1997 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 20, Q3 1997 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 19, Q2 1997 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 21, Q4 1997 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1998 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1998 (first ESA 95 Blue Book) No PDF File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 22, Q1 1998 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 23, Q2 1998 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 24, Q3 1998 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 25, Q4 1998 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 1999 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 26, Q1 1999 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 27, Q2 1999 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 28, Q3 1999 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 29, Q4 1999 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2000 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 30, Q1 2000 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 31, Q2 2000 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 32, Q3 2000 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 33, Q4 2000 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2001 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 34, Q1 2001 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 35, Q2 2001 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 36, Q3 2001 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 37, Q4 2001 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2002 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 38, Q1 2002 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 39, Q2 2002 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 40, Q3 2002 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 41, Q4 2002 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2003 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 42, Q1 2003 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 43, Q2 2003 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 44, Q3 2003 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 45, Q4 2003 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2004 No PDF File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2004 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 46, Q1 2004 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 47, Q2 2004 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 48, Q3 2004 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 49, Q4 2004 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2005 No PDF File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2005 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 50, Q1 2005 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 51, Q2 2005 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 52, Q3 2005 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 53, Q4 2005 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2006 No PDF File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2006 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 54, Q1 2006 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 55, Q2 2006 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 56, Q3 2006 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 57, Q4 2006 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2007 No PDF File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2007 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 58, Q1 2007 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 59, Q2 2007 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 60, Q3 2007 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 61, Q4 2007 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2008 No PDF File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2008 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 62, Q1 2008 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 63, Q2 2008 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 64, Q3 2008 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 65, Q4 2008 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2009 No PDF File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2009 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 66, Q1 2009 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 67, Q2 2009 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 68, Q3 2009 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 69, Q4 2009 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2010 No PDF File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2010 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 70, Q1 2010 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 71, Q2 2010 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 72, Q3 2010 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 73, Q4 2010 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2011 No PDF File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2011 No Excel File
United Kingdom Economic Accounts, No. 74, Q1 2011 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2012 No PDF File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2012 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2013 No PDF File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2013 No Excel File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2014 No PDF File
United Kingdom National Accounts 2014 No Excel File