This section contains historical national accounts data stretching back to 1086. The main sources for the historical data are the Broadberry, Campbell, Klein, Overton and van Leeuwen (2015), study of British Economic Growth, 1270-1870 and the Studies in National Income and Expenditure of the United Kingdom series by the Department of Applied Economics in Cambridge, particularly the contributions of Feinstein (1972) and Sefton and Weale (1995) who produce complete set of accounts for the period 1855-1965 and 1920-1990 respectively. This is supplemented by official national accounts data from 1948 from ONS under various systems of accounts. Section III of the Bank of England’s Millennium Dataset produces continuous historical time series from these different sources using particular assumptions. This is backed up by various digitised documentation on sources and methods and the complete set of Blue Books going back to 1941.
The first two datasets here represent estimates of British and UK National accounts data back to 1270 with the kind permission of the authors and Cambridge University Press.
- Broadberry, Campbell, Klein, Overton and van Leeuwen - British Economic Growth 1270-1870 (xls)
- Sefton and Weale - Balanced National Accounts Estimates 1920-1990 (xls) from James Sefton , Martin Weale, Reconciliation of National Income and Expenditure. Balanced Estimates of National Income for the United Kingdom, 1920–1990, © Cambridge University Press 1995
- Feinstein's (1972) volume National Income, Expenditure and Output of the UK 1855-1965 will be made available pending copyright clearance
The main body of the database contains monthly vintages of National Accounts data published since January 1990. Each vintage shows the data available on the last working day of the month. For a subset of the real expenditure variables, a longer history of quarterly vintages is also available. The database is available in Microsoft Excel format. It is updated every year following the publication of the ONS Blue Book. It was last updated in November 2016.
The 'read me' workbook details the available dataset. The data themselves can be found in the other workbooks. They all contain a 'menu' worksheet that lists the data available therein. Other worksheets contain successive vintages of data for individual series. Each vintage is a separate column, with the oldest vintage of data on the far left and the most recent vintage on the far right. At the top of each column is the publication date (i.e. the month in which that vintage was published).
Official sources and methods guides to the National Accounts.
- National Accounts Statistics Sources and Methods - 1956 (to be included)
- National Accounts Statistics Sources and Methods - Rita Maurice 1968 (330MB)
- The National Accounts - a short guide 1981 Harold Copeman (75MB)
- United Kingdom National Accounts Sources & Methods - 3rd Edition 1985 (208MB)
- ESA95 Sources and Methods for National Accounts 1998
- ESA95 United Kingdom Sector Classification for the National Accounts 1998 (62MB)